History and link with the territory - Consortium delle Venezie

Triveneto is historically one of the territories where the link with the vine loses its roots in the history: if the first vineyards in the northeast date back to Etruscan rule between the 7th and the 5th century BC even during the Roman period important wine-making activities are registered, as evidenced by the renown of some wines such as "Retici" and "Acinatico", recalled by Virgil, Strabone Ulpiano Domizio or important discovers in Trentino, whose testimonies pass through different periods (prehistoric, roman, medieval).

Friuli itself exhibits very ancient wine traces so much that the name of the area comes from Forum Julii, a town in Cividale where Giulio Cesare organized a forum and market as attested by Pliny where he writes about a territory to the east, to Trieste, where the Pucinum was produced, to which the longevity of Livia Augusta was attributed, and which the Greeks praised.

The unifying element in the viticultural history of the Venetians was the presence of the Republic of Venice, whose activities extended from the lands of Istria to the Vallagarina close to Trento. Leon image still stands on the old entrance doors of "businesses dominated cities" by the Serenissima or in the frescoes located on the most important palaces, shortly becoming a culture that has pervaded the Venice peoples livesthrough a language that, with a great sense of Membership, made them feel the protagonists of art, culture and civilization of Europe.

Between 1300-1700, Venetian traders controlled almost the entire quality wine market from the Eastern Mediterranean to the rich-North Atlantic regions. This historical phase marks the beginning of a period of great changes both in the localization of vineyards as well as in the typology of the wines produced. Since 1300 things have changed, the noli revolution erases viticulture from the most peripheral areas, from the inner valleys and from the highest altitudes where the grapes struggle to mature: those wines were not suitable for long journeys. Step by step the winegrowers started planting the vine wherever it was possible to produce alcoholic wines as cosest a possible to the embarkation and marketing places. The merchandise market changes profoundly: wines are no longer recognized for their color (black or whites) or the name of the vine they produce (vernaccia, ribolla, schiava) but for the places where they come from. A greater demand for quality wines, many of which destined to the Oltralpe markets, is a big part of the winegrowers' attention in the epochs of vintage, which are differentiated according to the vineyards and the localities also through the display of appeals, in the preparation of wooden containers, in the technological development of garlic and in the preservation and transport of the product, which become two crucial aspects for the quality of the wine itself.

Current viticulture finds its impetus thanks to the activities of important research and training centers that are still the engine of innovation in the area: San Michele all'Adige, Conegliano and the school of Parenzo (now part of Croatia). Today, one of the main University facilities for the oenologist of the oenologist operates in the area: the University Consortium formed by the Universities of Udine, Padua, Verona and Trento, able to continue the research and training path from far and which have contributed to the formation and the development of important wineries, also engaged in the development of the sector, allowing so many small farmers to continue the cultivation of the grapevine by gradually adapting the variety offer through the action of the Cooperative wineries.