DELLE VENEZIE AREA
Delle Venezie appellation represents the entire northeastern area of Italy, in the administrative territories of the Autonomous Province of Trento and the Friuli Venezia Giulia and Veneto Regions.
This territory presents a great diversity of terroirs able to allow the production of wines with specific peculiarities that historically have characterized the area for the production of Pinot grigio wines.
Despite these features, according to a criterion of proximity and pedo-climatic affinity, today it is possible to identify a unique macro-area known as “tre Venezie”, “Triveneto” or “delle Venezie” able to put together viticultural land systems characterized by common elements like the history and the geology of the material whence the chemical and physical characteristics of the soil originated.
PLAIN AND HILLS
The vast plain between the Adriatic Sea and the Po River is the result of the unceasing work of floods and watercourses. This area includes vast conoids and terraced surfaces as well as the active part of the same watercourses and the valley floor surfaces of the main alpine rivers (Adige, Brenta, Piave, Tagliamento and Isonzo). The area developed over the centuries with the deposition of both limestone, coarse material, gravel and sand, characterized by a generally good drainage.
The hilly system extends from Garda Lake to Collio and has some isolated reliefs creating important hilly-areas for wine production like the Berici and the Euganean Hills. Significant is also the presence of marly or calcareous soils with conglomerates and karst phenomena.
The climate is characterized by average annual temperatures ranging from 0-12 to 13-14°C. The coldest months, December and January, with average temperatures 1 to -5°C, alternate with the hottest ones in July and August with an average temperature usally between 20 and 25°C. In the mountainous areas and in bottom valleys, the temperature ranges are lowered by one-two degrees while rainfall rises over the annual average of 700-1300 mm, rising from west to east. The rainy-months are generally May, October and November when, in the pre-Alpine and High Friuli regions, the rainfall may also reach 150 mm. Generally, thanks to the rainfall benefit and the overall good available water capacity, the soils have no water deficiency problems.
The fresh and ventilated climate, due to the presence of the alpine chain, allows to concentrate and maintain a great acidity of the grapes, important characteristic of the wines produced.
A balanced water availability guarantees a limited (and constant) supply of water able to allow a regular ripening of the grapes. The marked night-time thermal excursions during the ripening of the grapes, however, enhance and maintain the charasteristic aroma of the grapes: these scents, combined with the acidic framework, allow to produce fresh and aromatic sparkling wines.